Commit 22060d3d authored by Joshua Lambert's avatar Joshua Lambert Committed by Achilleas Pipinellis

Initial kaniko documentation

parent 5724eaff
......@@ -6,3 +6,4 @@ comments: false
- [Using Docker Images](using_docker_images.md)
- [Using Docker Build](using_docker_build.md)
- [Using kaniko](using_kaniko.md)
# Building images with kaniko and GitLab CI/CD
> [Introduced](https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-ce/issues/45512) in GitLab 11.2.
Requires GitLab Runner 11.2 and above.
[kaniko](https://github.com/GoogleContainerTools/kaniko) is a tool to build
container images from a Dockerfile, inside a container or Kubernetes cluster.
kaniko solves two problems with using the
[docker-in-docker build](using_docker_build.md#use-docker-in-docker-executor) method:
1. Docker-in-docker requires [privileged mode](https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/run/#runtime-privilege-and-linux-capabilities)
in order to function, which is a significant security concern.
1. Docker-in-docker generally incurs a performance penalty and can be quite slow.
## Requirements
In order to utilize kaniko with GitLab, a [GitLab Runner](https://docs.gitlab.com/runner/)
using either the [Kubernetes](https://docs.gitlab.com/runner/executors/kubernetes.html),
[Docker](https://docs.gitlab.com/runner/executors/docker.html), or
[Docker Machine](https://docs.gitlab.com/runner/executors/docker_machine.html)
executors is required.
## Building a Docker image with kaniko
When building an image with kaniko and GitLab CI/CD, you should be aware of a
few important details:
- The kaniko debug image is recommended (`gcr.io/kaniko-project/executor:debug`)
because it has a shell, and a shell is required for an image to be used with
GitLab CI/CD.
- The entrypoint will need to be [overridden](using_docker_images.md#overriding-the-entrypoint-of-an-image),
otherwise the build script will not run.
- A Docker `config.json` file needs to be created with the authentication
information for the desired container registry.
---
In the following example, kaniko is used to build a Docker image and then push
it to [GitLab Container Registry](../../user/project/container_registry.md).
The job will run only when a tag is pushed. A `config.json` file is created under
`/root/.docker` with the needed GitLab Container Registry credentials taken from the
[environment variables](../variables/README.md#predefined-variables-environment-variables)
GitLab CI/CD provides. In the last step, kaniko uses the `Dockerfile` under the
root directory of the project, builds the Docker image and pushes it to the
project's Container Registry while tagging it with the Git tag:
```yaml
build:
stage: build
image:
name: gcr.io/kaniko-project/executor:debug
entrypoint: [""]
script:
- mkdir -p /root/.docker
- echo "{\"auths\":{\"$CI_REGISTRY\":{\"username\":\"$CI_REGISTRY_USER\",\"password\":\"$CI_REGISTRY_PASSWORD\"}}}" > /root/.docker/config.json
- /kaniko/executor --context $CI_PROJECT_DIR --dockerfile $CI_PROJECT_DIR/Dockerfile --destination $CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE:$CI_COMMIT_TAG
only:
- tags
```
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