Commit 08ccfb66 authored by Edwin  Torres's avatar Edwin Torres Committed by Achilleas Pipinellis

resolving MR 19611-fix/enhance start-using-git doc

parent ec15b200
......@@ -17,112 +17,197 @@ Depending on your operating system, you will need to use a shell of your prefere
Git is usually preinstalled on Mac and Linux.
Type the following command and then press enter:
```
```bash
git --version
```
You should receive a message that will tell you which Git version you have on your computer. If you don’t receive a "Git version" message, it means that you need to [download Git](https://git-scm.com/book/en/v2/Getting-Started-Installing-Git).
You should receive a message that tells you which Git version you have on your computer. If you don’t receive a "Git version" message, it means that you need to [download Git](https://git-scm.com/book/en/v2/Getting-Started-Installing-Git).
If Git doesn't automatically download, there's an option on the website to [download manually](https://git-scm.com/downloads). Then follow the steps on the installation window.
After you are finished installing, open a new shell and type "git --version" again to verify that it was correctly installed.
After you are finished installing Git, open a new shell and type `git --version` again to verify that it was correctly installed.
## Add your Git username and set your email
It is important to configure your Git username and email address as every Git commit will use this information to identify you as the author.
It is important to configure your Git username and email address, since every Git commit will use this information to identify you as the author.
On your shell, type the following command to add your username:
```
```bash
git config --global user.name "YOUR_USERNAME"
```
Then verify that you have the correct username:
```
```bash
git config --global user.name
```
To set your email address, type the following command:
```
```bash
git config --global user.email "your_email_address@example.com"
```
To verify that you entered your email correctly, type:
```
```bash
git config --global user.email
```
You'll need to do this only once as you are using the `--global` option. It tells Git to always use this information for anything you do on that system. If you want to override this with a different username or email address for specific projects, you can run the command without the `--global` option when you’re in that project.
You'll need to do this only once, since you are using the `--global` option. It tells Git to always use this information for anything you do on that system. If you want to override this with a different username or email address for specific projects, you can run the command without the `--global` option when you’re in that project.
## Check your information
To view the information that you entered, type:
```
To view the information that you entered, along with other global options, type:
```bash
git config --global --list
```
## Basic Git commands
### Go to the master branch to pull the latest changes from there
```
```bash
git checkout master
```
### Download the latest changes in the project
This is for you to work on an up-to-date copy (it is important to do every time you work on a project), while you setup tracking branches.
This is for you to work on an up-to-date copy (it is important to do this every time you start working on a project), while you set up tracking branches. You pull from remote repositories to get all the changes made by users since the last time you cloned or pulled the project. Later, you can push your local commits to the remote repositories.
```bash
git pull REMOTE NAME-OF-BRANCH
```
git pull REMOTE NAME-OF-BRANCH -u
When you first clone a repository, REMOTE is typically "origin". This is where the repository came from, and it indicates the SSH or HTTPS URL of the repository on the remote server. NAME-OF-BRANCH is usually "master", but it may be any existing branch.
### View your remote repositories
To view your remote repositories, type:
```bash
git remote -v
```
(REMOTE: origin) (NAME-OF-BRANCH: could be "master" or an existing branch)
### Create a branch
Spaces won't be recognized, so you will need to use a hyphen or underscore.
```
To create a branch, type the following (spaces won't be recognized in the branch name, so you will need to use a hyphen or underscore):
```bash
git checkout -b NAME-OF-BRANCH
```
### Work on a branch that has already been created
```
### Work on an existing branch
To switch to an existing branch, so you can work on it:
```bash
git checkout NAME-OF-BRANCH
```
### View the changes you've made
It's important to be aware of what's happening and what's the status of your changes.
```
It's important to be aware of what's happening and the status of your changes. When you add, change, or delete files/folders, Git knows about it. To check the status of your changes:
```bash
git status
```
### Add changes to commit
You'll see your changes in red when you type "git status".
### View differences
To view the differences between your local, unstaged changes and the repository versions that you cloned or pulled, type:
```bash
git diff
```
### Add and commit local changes
You'll see your local changes in red when you type `git status`. These changes may be new, modified, or deleted files/folders. Use `git add` to stage a local file/folder for committing. Then use `git commit` to commit the staged files:
```bash
git add FILE OR FOLDER
git commit -m "COMMENT TO DESCRIBE THE INTENTION OF THE COMMIT"
```
git add CHANGES IN RED
git commit -m "DESCRIBE THE INTENTION OF THE COMMIT"
### Add all changes to commit
To add and commit all local changes in one command:
```bash
git add .
git commit -m "COMMENT TO DESCRIBE THE INTENTION OF THE COMMIT"
```
NOTE: **Note:**
The `.` character typically means _all_ in Git.
### Send changes to gitlab.com
```
To push all local commits to the remote repository:
```bash
git push REMOTE NAME-OF-BRANCH
```
### Delete all changes in the Git repository, but leave unstaged things
For example, to push your local commits to the _master_ branch of the _origin_ remote:
```bash
git push origin master
```
### Delete all changes in the Git repository
To delete all local changes in the repository that have not been added to the staging area, and leave unstaged files/folders, type:
```bash
git checkout .
```
### Delete all changes in the Git repository, including untracked files
```
### Delete all untracked changes in the Git repository
```bash
git clean -f
```
### Unstage all changes that have been added to the staging area
To undo the most recent add, but not committed, files/folders:
```bash
git reset .
```
### Undo most recent commit
To undo the most recent commit, type:
```bash
git reset HEAD~1
```
This leaves the files and folders unstaged in your local repository.
CAUTION: **Warning:**
A Git commit is mostly irreversible, particularly if you already pushed it to the remote repository. Although you can undo a commit, the best option is to avoid the situation altogether.
### Merge created branch with master branch
You need to be in the created branch.
```
```bash
git checkout NAME-OF-BRANCH
git merge master
```
### Merge master branch with created branch
You need to be in the master branch.
```
```bash
git checkout master
git merge NAME-OF-BRANCH
```
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